- Medical Pedicure: The Podiatrist
- Medical pedicure: the treatment
Those who cover an average of 160,000 kilometers in their human lives have a right to a few pats. But although our feet are our main means of transport, they are usually neglected in daily hygiene. The fact that we treat our feet often stepmotherly, has consequences: The feet itch, burn and swell, it forms blisters and pressure points, fungal infection threatens. In the worst case, the skin breaks and infections or open wounds are formed.
Causes of foot problems
People with diabetes are particularly affected by foot problems. Dry and flaky skin are the least concomitant of them. It becomes more serious when, after several years of poor blood sugar control, a nervous disorder sets in which no longer perceives any injuries or heat and cold stimuli. Even the tiniest cracks can infect unnoticed.
Many foot problems are illness. Thus, people with obesity, rheumatism or venous diseases have problems with their feet. In addition: Every third German citizen has athlete's foot, which should be treated unconditionally so that it does not spread to the nails.
But also at improper loading - by foot or toe misalignments - or too tight footwear Feet with bruises, cornea formation, corns, blisters and pain.
What is a podiatrist?
For foot problems, it is advisable to visit a medically trained professional. This is for problems on and with the foot (so in the field of podiatry) the podiatrist.
Podiatry is the "non-medical medicine at the foot". Training also includes subject areas such as
- Microbiology and
- Diabetes mellitus
Since 2002, the professional title "Podiatrist / Podiatrist" protected by law and may only be operated by persons who have completed the required two-year specialist training as a state-certified podiatrist. A study of podiatry is now possible.
For those who had worked in medical foot care for at least five years prior to 2002, there was a transitional arrangement to qualify as a podiatry with a supplementary examination. The podiatrist is one of the health professions.
Podiatrist and chiropodist - what's the difference?
In contrast to the chiropodist, who is mainly responsible for foot aesthetics and hygiene, the podiatrist also has a sound medical expertise and usually works closely with the attending physician or an outpatient clinic.
Podiatrists and doctors advise and care for their customers competently, so that even the smallest changes can be recognized in time and (threatening) foot problems eliminated or at least greatly alleviated.
Help with diabetic foot syndrome
A large proportion of podiatric patients suffer from diabetic foot syndrome - for them, regular visits are particularly important. In the case of diabetics, vision often decreases sharply over time, which is why they often can not see any changes in the foot.
A complicating factor is the peripheral polyneuropathy, which is typical for diabetes mellitus - nerve damage that causes the patient to no longer feel pain, burning or tingling. The result is inflammation and poorly healing wounds - a visit to the doctor and podiatrists is advisable.