- Healthy and fit into old age
- Healthy and fit into old age - consequences of unhealthy lifestyle
- Healthy and fit into old age - eat healthy
- Healthy and fit into old age - regular exercise
In today's society, people can look forward to a long life. As a woman, the average life expectancy is 83.4 years and as a man 78.4 years. In order to stay healthy and vital until old age, it is important to pay attention to the right diet and adequate exercise. We'll show you what it's all about.
Life expectancy and "healthy life expectancy"
Most people want to live as long as possible. Apparently, this wish is also answered, because the average life expectancy is rising steadily.
But what awaits us in old age? The extension of life expectancy alone does not say anything about whether the longer lifespan is associated with more healthy years of life. Therefore, in addition to the entire lifespan are increasingly considered the years of life in which we are not burdened by health complaints.
According to statistics, in Germany in 2010 the so-called "healthy life expectancy" for women was 72.1 and for men 71.9 years. Accordingly, women lived 10.7 years with health ailments and men 5.8 years. But on what does it depend on how many healthy years of life we can be happy?
The natural aging process
Our body undergoes a natural aging process. This is accompanied by numerous physical changes:
- So the muscle mass decreases with age. Degrading the muscles means that strength and performance is dwindling. In most cases, mobility and movement also decrease.
- At the same time, bone density decreases, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.
- The fat mass, on the other hand, tends to increase and in many cases, the body weight increases to the point of overweight.
- In addition, there may be a functional restriction of organs. For many, for example, the digestive activity subsides. In addition, liver and kidney no longer work in full.
These changes are quite natural, but different in every person.
The influence of lifestyle on aging
The extent of the changes that accompany the aging process is not only a consequence of age, but also of the way of life. Early on, our lifestyle sets the course for our well-being in old age. People who smoke a lot at a young age, eat little, eat unhealthy and eat too much, have a higher risk of developing a chronic disease when they are older.
Particularly in persons with a strong overweight, the risk of chronic metabolic diseases increases, such as diabetes (diabetes mellitus), elevated blood lipid levels, arteriosclerosis and hypertension. Furthermore, skeletal and muscular diseases, cancer and dementia are significantly influenced by the lifestyle.
That is why it is important to deal early with the issue of aging. If we take care of our body carefully, we can slow down or even prevent many of the changes.