- Gerontology: The aging and the effects on our body
- Gerontology: physical changes
- Gerontology: The most common problems in old age
- Gerontology: Tips for getting older
Each one of us ages - every day beyond the age of 30, our physical reserves slowly decrease, until at some point the time comes in which the maintenance of all organ functions is not so easy: First restrictions occur.
What is the science of aging?
In the Gerontology, the aging science, is researched about current problems of old people. Gerontology is still a relatively young branch of science - the first German chair was founded in 1986 in Heidelberg. Since many problems of aging need to be considered from different perspectives, gerontology includes several disciplines:
- The best known is certainly the Geriatrics, which cares about diseases in old age.
- There are also the Gerontopsychology and -psychiatry, researches and treats the mental illnesses of old age.
- There are also the social gerontology and Gerontosoziologie, who are primarily concerned with social and sociological aspects.
- Another specialty is the Elderly, which supports pragmatically older people with their institutions.
Other disciplines such as demography, biogerontology, psychotherapy and senior citizens management are also represented in the four areas of "Experimental Gerontology", "Geriatric Medicine", "Social and Behavioral Gerontology" and "Social Gerontology and Retirement Work", which are taught at the universities.
Why do we need gerontology?
The people in Germany and Europe are getting older and the population is changing so that there are more and more older and less and less young people. This circumstance - that is, more and more old people, who are getting older and older double aging called. The fastest growing group of people over the age of 80 - by 2030, about 6% of the population will be older than 80 years.
The increase in older population groups poses many challenges to our society:
- How should the working life be shaped in the future?
- How should fewer and fewer people finance pensions for more and more pensioners?
- Is the growth of a senior economy a growing industry?
- Can Voluntary Engagement in Honorary Offices Eliminate Older Workers' Unemployment in Recognition?
- How should apartments, offices, everyday objects be designed to fit in with this growing population?
Regular old reports
Gerontology tries to find answers to these questions - this is reflected in particular in the so-called old reports that have been presented in Germany since 1992 by each government for each legislative period (currently the 5th old report is being processed).
In these, independent experts present the current situation of the elderly, and the government responds to these representations with an opinion or concrete decisions.