- Obesity - Causes
- Obesity - consequences
- Obesity - therapy and treatment
- Obesity - Prevention
Fat parents, fat children - doctors sound the alarm. The number of people with a strong overweight continues to rise. Tips on diet and losing weight seem to have little effect. What can be done? Obesity (obesity, obesity, obesity) is a mass phenomenon, especially in the industrialized countries: The number of people who overweight too many kilos on the scales, increases alarmingly fast, especially in childhood. Obesity restricts the quality of life and shortens life expectancy. Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases, such as high blood pressure (hypertension).
From obesity to obesity
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of overweight people has tripled in the last 20 years. Slight overweight has little negative impact on health. But it is already a sign that more energy is consumed than consumed with food. Often, excess fat is then accumulated and the overweight is converted into obesity.
Obesity: nutrition as the main reason
In the meantime, every fifth German suffers from such pathological overweight. According to a study by the Robert Koch Institute (KiGGS study), about 15% of children and adolescents are overweight and 6% are obese. This means that 800,000 children and adolescents suffer from obesity. Particularly critical: Obesity does not grow, but increases with age.
The main reason is above all our diet: too much, too fat, too high calorie. In addition, too little exercise to use the excess calories. So the energy is not burned, but stored for bad times. Only that these never come, and thus the fat stores grow. Obesity often makes you clumsy and quickly brings you out of breath - which in turn does not promote the joy of movement. Obesity and obesity are a vicious circle in which more and more people are trapped.
Degree of obesity
Whether the weight is still in the normal range, overweight or has already developed an obesity, can be determined with the body mass index (BMI). The BMI sets the weight in relation to body size (BMI = kg / m²), with slight variations depending on the age. At normal weight, the BMI is in the range of 18.5 to 24.9, in overweight to 29.9; Everything about it is an obesity.
Often this is further subdivided into three grades - Obesity Grade I consists of a BMI of 30, Obesity Grade II starting at a BMI of 35 and Obesity grade III (Adipositas permagna) from a BMI of 40 For example, in a 170 cm tall woman, a grade I obesity from a weight starting at 87 kg, while a permeability obesity is present from a weight of 116 kilograms.