Clotrimazole is used to treat fungal infections such as athlete's foot or vagina. It is a so-called broad spectrum antimycotic that is effective against a large number of different fungi. The active ingredient is available, inter alia, in the form of ointments, creams and vaginal tablets. Clotrimazole is usually well tolerated. However, lighter side effects such as burning or itching can not be ruled out during use.
First aid for fungal diseases
Coltrimazole is used to treat many types of skin fungus infections. Such infections are usually triggered by filamentous fungi, yeasts or molds. Clotrimazole is particularly effective as it combats all three groups of fungi.
Because clotrimazole also works against gram-positive bacteria, it is also used to treat some bacterial skin conditions. This is particularly often used when a combination of bacterial infection and fungal infection is present. Clotrimazole is also effective against trichomonads, but these are usually first treated with metronidazole.
Clotrimazole as ointment and cream
Clotrimazole is available in many different dosage forms. Among other things, it is available as ointment, cream, tincture, spray, powder as well as a vaginal tablet or vaginal suppositories. Which form is used is always dependent on the type of fungal disease.
In most formulations, the drug is available over the counter. However, certain products can only be handed out upon presentation of a medical prescription.
Treatment of athlete's foot and vagina fungus
Clotrimazole is used primarily for the treatment of athlete's foot and vagina. The cure rate of the drug is 85 to 90 percent for such infections. It is positive that there are hardly any resistance to the active substance. Only one particular agent of vaginal yeast infections, Candida glabrata, can not be effectively treated with clotrimazole.
For the treatment of athlete's foot, especially creams, sprays and solutions are used. With the help of the spray, the footwear can also be used to disinfect the shoes. In a vaginal yeast disease, creams are used primarily. In addition, vaginal tablets or vaginal suppositories can be used.
In the form of powder clotrimazole is used for the after-treatment or for the prevention of a skin fungus disease. The dry effect of the powder counteracts the fungi, as they prefer to spread in a moist environment.
If clotrimazole is used in the form of ointments, creams or solutions, these can be applied or sprayed directly onto the diseased part of the skin. Depending on how severe the infection is, the antifungal should be used between one and three times a day.
It usually takes between two and four weeks to complete the treatment. Do not stop treatment as soon as the symptoms have resolved. In order to finally fight the fungal disease and to avoid a relapse, the treatment should be continued for another week or two.
For vaginal use, the clotrimazole cream should be used once daily for a period of three to six days. In addition, vaginal suppositories or vaginal tablets may be used. These are also used once a day for three or six days depending on the dosage.
Side effects of clotrimazole
Using clotrimazole may cause side effects such as skin irritation and redness as well as itching and burning. Whether and how strongly these symptoms become noticeable depends, among other things, on the severity of the infection.
In case of vaginal application, a rare hypersensitivity reaction may occur in rare cases. In addition to the symptoms already mentioned may be respiratory distress, circulatory problems and gastrointestinal problems such as nausea and diarrhea occur.
Danger: Liquid products should not be applied to the eyes and mucous membranes and should not be applied to the genital area. Even on open wounds, the active ingredient must not be applied.
Interactions and Contraindicators
Clotrimazole may reduce the effects of other externally applied substances that have antibacterial or antifungal effects. This applies inter alia to active substances such as amphotericin B, nystatin and natamycin.
Equally, however, the effect of clotrimazole can also be reduced by these substances. This can also be reduced by the use of deodorants, cosmetics or intimate hygiene products on the diseased areas. Since the active ingredient is absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes only in very small amounts, interactions with other drugs are not expected.
Danger: If hypersensitivity to the drug is present, you should not take it.
Taking during pregnancy
A fungal infection during pregnancy can be treated with clotrimazole. However, use in the vaginal area should be avoided as much as possible during the first trimester of pregnancy. Otherwise, the risk of miscarriage is increased. After the first trimester of pregnancy you should also use Clotrimazole for the treatment of a vaginal fungus only after consulting your doctor.
If the active ingredient is applied externally to the skin, the application is probably not a risk for the unborn child dar. For safety's sake, but you should consult with your doctor. In addition to clotrimazole, nystatin is also suitable for the treatment of fungal infections during pregnancy.
During lactation, fungal infections in the area of the nipples should not be treated with the antimycotic. This prevents the infant from coming in contact with the fungus. In children, the active substance should generally not be used over a longer period or on larger surfaces.