The active ingredient ambroxol belongs just as acetylcysteine and bromhexine to the mucolytics, which dissolve stuck mucus in the bronchi. Due to its effect, it is used primarily for the treatment of congestive cough. The cough remover is considered to be well tolerated and rarely has side effects. However, to avoid complications, Ambroxol should not be combined with antitussives unless the treatment is done on the doctor's instructions. Find out more about the effects, side effects and dosage of Ambroxol here.
Ambroxol helps with colds
Ambroxol is used in respiratory diseases that are accompanied by viscous mucus. These are primarily colds. In addition, it is also used in other respiratory diseases such as cystic fibrosis or COPD. Ambroxol also has a local anesthetic effect and is also used as a lozenge to treat sore throats.
If viruses or bacteria enter the body, mucus is increasingly produced in the nose and bronchi. Often, the mucus can not be removed from there fast enough, but is stuck in the bronchi. Ambroxol helps to loosen the tough mucus so that it can be better transported away. This alleviates the coughing that occurs.
For Ambroxol to work optimally, it is important that you drink enough fluid while taking it. Only then can the secretion be liquefied by the body. Alternatively, you can liquefy the mucus by inhaling water vapor.
Side effects of ambroxol
Ambroxol is generally considered to be well tolerated, so it is rare for side effects to occur during use. In some cases, an allergic reaction may occur - in which case you should contact a doctor or pharmacist immediately.
In addition, gastrointestinal complaints such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are rare. In addition, side effects such as dry mouth, fever with chills and skin reactions such as redness, itching and hives are possible.
Dose ambroxol correctly
Ambroxol is available in various dosage forms, including as juice, drops and tablets. The correct dosage of the cough remover always depends on the respective dosage form as well as on the amount of active substance contained in the drug.
For cough syrup containing 30 milligrams of ambroxol / 5 milliliters of cough syrup, the following dosage is recommended: adults and children over the age of 12 years may start with five milliliters three times daily. After two to three days, the dose is then lowered to five milliliters twice daily. For younger children, the following dosage must be observed:
- Children from 6 to 12 years: 2.5 milliliters of juice two to three times a day
- Children from 2 to 5 years: 1.25 milliliters of juice three times a day
- Children under 2 years: 1.25 milliliters of juice twice daily
However, always talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the exact dosage or have a look at the package leaflet.
You should not take medications with ambroxol if you are hypersensitive to the drug. In addition, the intake is contraindicated even in severe kidney and liver diseases. Here the active substance may be taken only in individual cases and with special caution. In the case of histamine intolerance, Ambroxol should not be used for long-term, and for diseases with high secretion accumulation in the bronchi, only under medical supervision.
Especially during the first trimester of pregnancy and during breast-feeding, ambroxol should only be used if the doctor considers it essential. Therefore always consult your doctor before taking it. Also in children under two years should be consulted before taking the pediatrician. In general, children under the age of six should only get juice or drops as they can easily be dosed accordingly low.
Interactions: Beware of cough torments
It is important that you do not use medications that inhibit the onset of cough - such as codeine - while you are taking Ambroxol. Otherwise, the mucus in the bronchi can not be coughed off. Therefore, avoid using cough suppressants, which are typically needed for dry coughs, as long as the concurrent application is not coordinated with your doctor.
When taking antibiotics such as amoxicillin or cefuroxime, be aware that they may be better absorbed into the lung tissue. This effect is exploited in some combination preparations, which also contain a mucolytic in addition to the antibiotic.