Digestive problems, bad skin, bladder and kidney weakness, fatigue, headache - these are just some of the negative consequences that dehydration on our body can have. Water is almost as important to us as the air we breathe. Therefore, one should not take a sufficient supply of water (at least two liters per day) lightly. We'll give you 11 reasons why you should avoid the effects of dehydration.
Thirst as the last warning signal of dehydration
Did you know that dehydration, colloquially known as dehydration, already sets in before you feel thirsty? The best way to counteract this is to take small sips of water throughout the day. It is best to always have a glass of water within reach.
A Definition, From when one speaks of dehydration, there is not.
Signs of dehydration
First symptoms indicating that you are dehydrated are:
- yellowish urine
From a fluid loss of more than 20 percent of the normal water balance, a strong dehydration can quickly become life-threatening. In such cases, it is often necessary to administer an electrolyte solution intravenously, which is mixed with a particularly large amount of minerals.
Children and dehydration
Especially in small children and infants, there is a risk of dehydration because they often can not communicate, they are thirsty.
Take special care if your child has vomited several times or is suffering from diarrhea, as babies lose a lot of fluids and frequently refuse to take any fluids or food.
If your child is suspected of having dehydration, you should regularly offer different drinks and, if in doubt, make an appointment with the pediatrician immediately.
Seniors and dehydration
Older people, in particular, should be aware of adequate hydration. Despite sinking feeling of thirst important organs, such as the kidney, must be constantly supplied with fluid in order to work reliably.
Especially in nursing homes, the dehydration of patients is a common problem. Due to dysphagia, incontinence or lack of motor skills there is a risk that older people can no longer take care of their water balance alone.
Dehydrationsprophylaxe is therefore an important topic in nursing homes. Patients should learn to drink independently again. In addition, favorite drinks are determined and any form of hydration should be documented by the nursing staff.
In severe cases of dehydration should be discussed with a doctor about forms of artificial hydration.
Water is preferred
Often there is the misconception that sweet drinks such as juices, lemonade or tea supply us with liquids just as well as the mineral water does. However, this assumption is not correct.
On the contrary, when drinks contain extra sugar and extra salt, valuable amounts of water are used to flush them out of the body. If you do not want to give up your coffee, you should drink an extra glass of water for every cup of coffee.
11 reasons why you should drink more
- Defeat inertia: Water is the body's most important source of energy. Dehydration slows down the enzyme activity in the body. This causes tiredness and sluggishness. Anyone who comes out of bed in the morning should try to drink two glasses of water immediately after getting up. This helps the bloodstream get going and is also much healthier than drinking coffee on an empty stomach.
- Lower high blood pressure: Normally our body consists of 92 percent water. Dehydration makes the blood more viscous and provides more resistance as it flows through the body. This then leads to hypertension.
- Prevent asthma and allergies: The histamine produced by the body increases exponentially due to strong dehydration. Too high a histamine content in the blood often leads to histamine intolerance or may favor asthma attacks.
- Mitigate skin diseases: Dehydration prevents the skin from its natural detoxification. This is necessary to counteract skin diseases such as psoriasis and dermatitis. Also, skin aging and skin discoloration can be reduced.
- Avoid high cholesterol level: When the body is dehydrated, it produces more cholesterol to prevent the cells from losing water. Too much cholesterol in the blood can lead to arteriosclerosis, among other things. Therefore, especially with a high cholesterol value, make sure to drink enough.
- Prevent indigestion: Insufficient water and minerals can lead to a number of diseases. These include gastric ulcers, gastritis and heartburn.
- Alleviate kidney and bladder problems: If the kidneys and bladder are rinsed too rarely with water, there is an attack surface for different bacteria. This can lead to bladder infections, infections and pain.
- Solve constipation: If there is dehydration, the colon is the place from which water is first removed. As a result food leftovers move much slower there than when the large intestine is supplied with sufficient fluid.
- Cancel joint pain: The cartilage between the joints consists predominantly of water. Long-term dehydration weakens cartilage and causes joint pain and joint stiffness.
- Avoid gaining weight: Without fluid, cells retire quickly and metabolism slows down. Many then tend to eat more, even though their body is only thirsty.
- Prevent premature aging: When the body is dehydrated, its largest organ, the skin, ages faster. She collapses and looks pale and old faster.
The human body is made of water
While the proportion of water in a newborn in the body is almost 80 percent, the body's water content in the course of life decreases to 45 percent. In men, the water content in the body is usually higher, because muscle mass contains more water than fatty tissue.
Other components of the body and their respective water content:
- Brain: 75% water
- Blood: 92% water
- Bone: 22% water
- muscles: 75% water
Losing weight thanks to water
Drinking water speeds up the process metabolism and lets you "fill up" faster. You automatically eat less if you drink a lot of water.
Sufficient hydration is said to help you lose weight. Anyone who drinks two glasses of water before each meal has less appetite and so it can be easier to lose weight. A study by the University of Birmingham found that obese subjects could lose up to 5 pounds in 12 weeks by drinking half a liter of water before each meal.
Cold water additionally promotes metabolism for at least half an hour. Although it is tempting, avoid using cold water in the summer when the heat is high. Cold water sends a signal to the brain to raise body temperature rather than vice versa. Hot water is particularly well suited to the body too detoxify. The lukewarm temperature of the water ideally dissolves toxins from the cells.
Those who refrain from sugary drinks and drink only mineral water, can save more calories and lose weight faster.
With or without carbon dioxide?
When asked about the type of mineral water, the ghosts divide: quiet, light or strong tingling? Carbonic acid is supposed to promote blood circulation and cleanse the taste buds. Nonetheless carbon dioxide a natural poison that needs to get out quickly through the lungs. It is harmless to a small extent, but additionally requires the organs in their daily tasks.