With the beginning of a pregnancy begins a new phase of life, an exciting time begins. In addition to the joy of being pregnant, however, there are often uncertainties or doubts as to how best to behave during pregnancy for the benefit of his unborn baby. A variety of brochures especially for pregnant women gives advice on topics such as nutrition, health and well-being. The pregnancy checklist should serve as a guide.
Pregnant - what do you have to consider now?
Pregnancy creates new life. For about 40 weeks, the baby develops in the womb - a time that is usually accompanied by different emotional states of the pregnant woman. Of course, every woman wants an uncomplicated and harmonious pregnancy, but often they also have doubts about whether they are really behaving properly. After all, pregnant women do not want to go wrong.
Many fairy tales still circulate about what one is allowed to do, if one is pregnant and what is not. Most of these advices have long been outdated, yet pregnant women can do something good for themselves and their baby if they consider the following points.
Especially on the subject of nutrition during pregnancy, the rumor persists that a pregnant woman must eat portions for two. In fact, there is a higher energy requirement in a pregnancy than before, but this is only about 250 - 500kcal more per day. So feasting in extent does not remain without consequences even during pregnancy. A balanced diet with a balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and vitamins can positively support the growth and development of a baby.
Checklist nutrition in pregnancy:
- Balanced diet with fresh fruits and vegetables
- Calcium as well as vitamin D can promote the bones of a baby
- Most important vitamin in the first weeks of pregnancy: folic acid
- Vitamin C for strengthening the immune system
- Raw meat, raw fish and raw milk products are best avoided because of the increased risk of toxoplasmosis
- Abandonment of white and blue cheese because of the possible risk of listeriosis
- Coffee and cola are best enjoyed caffeine-free (up to 300mg of caffeine are classified as harmless per day during pregnancy, according to nutrition experts)
Throw habits overboard
Anyone who is pregnant does not usually have to turn his life around 180 °. However, there are vices or habits that should be taken as early as possible during a pregnancy in favor of the baby and its development. These include classic stimulants such as alcohol as well as nicotine, since both represent increased risk factors for the well-being of a baby. Delayed growth, damage to the brain and organs can be the result. Nicotine, alcohol and other drugs can lead to birth defects and a miscarriage of a baby.
Checklist habits in pregnancy:
- Total abandonment of drugs
- Complete renunciation of so-called stimulants such as alcohol and nicotine
- Take medication only after consulting the doctor
- No diet and no fasting during pregnancy
- Do not do physically heavy work
- Do not lift heavily
- Intensive dental care (as of the 4th month, teeth are more prone to tooth decay than before)
Totally happy with sports and exercise
Regular exercise is good for well-being, even during pregnancy. In addition, it can reduce stress, which is very important in a pregnancy. Those who do not experience any complications during their pregnancy can choose the sport they like. However, not recommended are sports with increased risk of falling, such as skiing or inline skating. Sport during pregnancy should under no circumstances lead to a physical overexertion.
Checklist Sports and Exercise in Pregnancy:
- Ideally suited to relaxation exercises
- Special offers for pregnant women, such as yoga, water aerobics, dancing
- Beware of sports with increased risk of falling
- Beware of ball sports (such as handball, basketball or beach volleyball)
- Under no circumstances stress the straight abdominal muscles
The pregnancy checklist is intended as a guide to a pregnancy without complications. For complaints during pregnancy and questions about individual behaviors, the gynecologist and the midwife can provide binding information.