In today's society, a balance of movement in everyday life in the office is becoming increasingly important. One way to fight tension, stress and disengagement is called Tai Chi (also called Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan). According to legend, Tai Chi was developed by the Taoist monk Zhang Sanfeng after seeing a serpent with a white crane fight. Originally developed as a martial art, Tai Chi is also referred to as a Chinese shadow fight.
Tai Chi: At home all over the world
Not only in China, where it has now become a veritable popular sport, but throughout the world Tai Chi is one of the most popular martial arts. Although it was developed as a so-called inner martial art for close combat with or without a weapon, today it is hardly practiced for the purpose of self-defense. Because Tai Chi is not just a sport; Behind the term is a whole philosophy of life that requires constant practice. For here too, practice is the master.
The graduation levels of other martial arts, which are expressed by the different colored belt, fall away at the Tai Chi Chuan. As a rule, students combine their Tai Chi forms and exercises with Master.
Meditation and inner peace with Tai Chi exercises
Today Tai Chi Chuan is valued above all as a holistic exercise training, which should keep the body healthy. Thus, it is also an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Targeted body tension and breathing exercises train body awareness, posture and concentration. Likewise, the sport serves the inner balance and a balanced attitude to life.
Health benefits of Tai Chi
Tai Chi exercises are suitable for all ages and fitness levels. For example, exercises are also suitable for the elderly, because the training of the balance reduces the danger of falling considerably. Thus, the Tai Chi step is usually practiced before the first form.
As Western medicine also recognizes positive effects on the cardiovascular and immune systems, even health insurance funds promote Tai Chi courses. It is also beneficial for back problems, sleep disorders and respiratory diseases.
Tai Chi Chaun - form and exercises
Since there are many different styles, it is recommended to learn about Tai Chi schools. There are five main styles, the so-called family styles. They include the following:
- Chen style
- Yang style
- Wu / Hao style
- Wu Style
These styles in turn combine different elements of Tai Chi. For example, while Qui Gong is primarily for meditation and relaxation, fighters can also try out exercises with the sword. The best way to get advice from a competent Tai Chi master.
Characteristic of each Tai Chi style are various exercises and forms, which consist of a sequence of flowing movements, and partner exercises that develop for advanced students of the free fight.
Tai Chi can be practiced everywhere
Special importance is attached to the learning of forms in Tai Chi. They show the fight against one or more imaginary opponents. Each form consists of several so-called pictures, which are supposed to express the characteristic of a movement. So the form is named after the number of pictures. These pictures are often one of the first exercises of any Tai Chi Chuan student. It can only last a few minutes; Some take one and a half hours.
Every documentary about China now includes the image of the big retiree group, who indulges in the park of the gentle sequence of movements of their tai chi form. In fact, Tai Chi requires no large halls or elaborate equipment to perform the exercises of this all-round sport. Comfortable clothes and flat shoes with a thin sole are everything you need.
Thai Chi - the right posture
Of great importance in Tai Chi is first of all the correct posture, which is maintained during the exercises and forms: With erect head and straight back, all Tai Chi movements are carried out in a continuous flow. The waist must always remain loose, so that the weight is distributed correctly. Elbows and shoulders hang loosely down.
Exercises: Tai Chi for beginners and professionals
After gentle warm-up exercises that relax the muscles and relax the body, a short meditation usually follows to calm the mind. Just the right posture is one of the important exercises that Tai Chi enthusiasts constantly use in everyday life. So beginners can already train before they master the first form.
Because Tai Chi is a pure defense sport and trains character, the power comes from the inside, not the muscles. Although tai chi is usually practiced slowly, regular training in dangerous situations releases special forces.