- Nutrition in Crohn's disease
- Diet in ulcerative colitis
While the disease Crohn's disease can affect the entire digestive tract from the mouth to the anus, the disease ulcerative colitis is limited to the Colon. Inflammation and bleeding ulcers form in the superficial layers of the mucous membrane in those affected by ulcerative colitis. As a result, this chronic inflammatory bowel disease (CED) causes bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Diet in ulcerative colitis: acute thrust
While in the symptom-free times an almost normal everyday life is possible, those affected in the acute phase have severe pain, which can only be experienced at bed rest, occasionally even in the hospital.
As with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis is also caused by diarrhea during a push strong fluid losses, which must be balanced with low-carbon water or mild teas.
Especially well suited for this:
- Camomile tea
- peppermint tea
- Anise tea
Acute phase: what to eat?
Through the diarrhea and to fight the many inflammatory foci in the colon, the body consumes calories and loses a lot of fat over the stool. Therefore, even in the acute phase must be strengthened Calories and fats are fed, preferably by cold pressed, uncured oils or margarine. By contrast, animal fats are less well tolerated except for butter, which provides a lot of valuable vitamin A.
Important in ulcerative colitis is still certain Vitamins and trace elements supply. Blood loss in diarrhea can lead to iron deficiency. In addition, foods with calcium, folic acid, zinc and magnesium are available for the diet.
Acute phase: what better to do without?
The following foods should avoid as far as possible ulcerative colitis, especially in the acute phase:
- raw vegetables
- hard-shelled fruit
- citrus fruits
Diet in ulcerative colitis: remission phase
In the remission phase, the diet can be normalized in ulcerative colitis. There are many suggestions for diets, but no reliable evidence on health benefits has been provided. In general, ulcerative colitis is recommended light, nutritious diet.
To regain the joy of eating
Those affected by ulcerative colitis, who listen to their body and reactions, will quickly find out which foods they tolerate better and worse. Who knows what he can eat, it will also be easier to develop joy of eating again. This is especially important for patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
In general, the body should be fed all the important nutrients, minerals and vitamins in the period between bouts and the digestion is regulated by high-fiber diet.